Being a responsible Pakistani citizen, it is our duty to abide by the laws, particularly the laws of real estate, especially if you have a business or have to comply with the country’s tax laws. Becoming a filer is one such responsibility. More than that, it contributes to the development of the country. In a nation where tax compliance is essential for maintaining a robust financial system and fostering economic growth, becoming a tax filer offers numerous advantages.
This article explores the step-by-step guide to how to become a tax filer in Pakistan and why is it a good decision for individuals and businesses alike. But before that, let’s learn what a tax filer is.
What is a Tax Filer?
A tax filer, whether an individual or an organization, is responsible for reporting taxes levied on various forms of businesses to the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). They play a crucial role in assisting businesses in meticulously maintaining their financial records, including revenue and the corresponding tax liabilities. This responsibility extends to individuals, corporations, trusts, estates, and other corporate entities.
Once the tax amount is ascertained and compliance with all relevant tax laws and regulations is confirmed, the taxpayer relies on the information supplied in the tax return for accurate reporting and filing.
Whether it’s the real estate industry, a company, or another local organization, a tax filer is a person who is constantly in demand. You must have a firm grasp of tax filings and their requirements if you want to operate a successful business in Pakistan and maintain current with all applicable taxes and rules.
Tax Filer in Pakistan
In Pakistan, a tax filer refers to an individual or organization mandated to submit a tax return to the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). This category encompasses individuals, corporations, and various other entities bound by the taxation regulations established in the constitution of Pakistan. The tax filer’s primary responsibility lies in the computation of the total revenue generated by their business or entity, subsequently determining the corresponding tax liability as stipulated by the FBR.
The obligations of tax filers in Pakistan encompass processes such as registering with the FBR, obtaining a tax identification number (TIN), and adhering to the legal requirement of regularly submitting tax returns. These duties are fundamental in ensuring compliance with the nation’s tax laws and regulations.
Documents Required for Becoming a Tax Filer in Pakistan
It is important to keep the following documents before filing:
- Copy of CNIC
- Complete income made throughout the last
- Bank statements and certifications suggest the tax obligation deductions you make.
- Your bank statement for the present
- Complete details of properties owned by you
- Registered cell number
How to Become a Tax Filer in Pakistan?
Becoming a tax filer is a simple and straightforward process. While this is simple, it is an important process and must be followed by individuals and businesses. Here’s a step-by-step guide to becoming a tax filer.
Verify your Eligibility Status
Before filing your taxes, it is imperative to comprehend the eligibility criteria in Pakistan. Taxation applies to individuals with taxable income, as well as to businesses and various entities operating within the country. If you find yourself unsure about your eligibility, consider seeking guidance from a tax professional or refer to the information provided on the official Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) website.
Visit the FBR Site
First of all, visit the official website of FBR. Search for the “Online Services” section. Among the list of available online services, select “Filer Status Inquiry.”
Input your National Tax Number (NTN)
You will be prompted to enter your unique National Tax Number (NTN), specifically assigned to Pakistan’s tax filers. You can also apply for an NTN by visiting the nearest Regional Tax Office (RTO).
Verify your Filer Status
After inputting your NTN, the FBR website will display your current filer status, indicating whether you are recognised as a tax filer, a non-filer, or a provisional filer.
Register for Sales Tax (if applicable):
If your business is involved in selling goods or services, you may need to register for sales tax. This can also be done through the FBR’s online portal.
Maintain Proper Records
Keep accurate records of your income, expenses, and financial transactions. This documentation will be required when filing your tax returns.
File Your Tax Returns
Individuals should file their income tax returns annually by the specified due date, usually September 30th. Businesses should file their returns based on their specific financial year, which might differ from the calendar year. The due date for businesses is typically December 31st.
Pay Any Outstanding Taxes
If you owe any taxes, pay them promptly to avoid penalties and legal complications.
Seek Professional Assistance (if necessary)
If you find the tax filing process too complex, consider hiring a tax consultant or an accountant to assist you in ensuring accurate and timely tax filing.
Who Should Become a Tax Filer?
In Pakistan, individuals and businesses must file their income tax returns. If you fall into one of the following categories, you should consider becoming a tax filer:
- You must become a tax filer if you earn an income through salary.
- If you own a business, you must file income tax returns regardless of size.
- Whether you’re a freelancer or a self-employed professional, such as a doctor, lawyer, or consultant, you should become a tax filer.
- If you own property or land, you must also file tax returns.
- If you operate a business on your own, you should register your business and become a tax filer.
- All forms of registered businesses, including partnerships and companies, must file income tax returns.
What are the Benefits of Being a Tax Filer in Pakistan?
Becoming a tax filer in Pakistan offers several benefits:
You will comply with Pakistan’s tax laws, avoiding potential legal consequences. This prevents the risk of penalties, fines, and legal repercussions for failing to file taxes and upholds your legal responsibilities.
Access to Financial Services
Many financial institutions, like banks, require customers to be tax filers to open accounts or avail of certain financial services. Filing your taxes in Pakistan contributes to building a more robust credit profile, which, in turn, simplifies your access to loans, credit facilities, and other financial opportunities provided by banks and lending institutions.
Being a tax filer makes you eligible for government contracts and tenders if you own a business. Tax filers in Pakistan gain eligibility for various government benefits, including subsidies and tax credits, thereby availing themselves of valuable financial advantages.
You are more likely to be approved for loans and credit if you are a tax filer with a documented income.
The capacity to negotiate with clients, consumers, and other stakeholders is bolstered for tax filers, facilitating the establishment of important connections and reinforcing their credibility in the business world.
Improved Financial Record-Keeping
Filing taxes necessitates the maintenance of accurate records of income and expenses. This meticulous record-keeping facilitates more efficient financial management and fosters a better understanding of your financial affairs.
Contribution to the Nation
Filing taxes is a civic duty and helps support the country’s development through tax revenue.
What are the Risks of Being a Non-Filer in Pakistan?
Likewise, being a non-filer poses serious threats and risks detrimental to your business. Here’s how:
Non-filers in Pakistan often face legal consequences, encompassing fines, penalties, and, in some severe cases, even imprisonment, if they choose to evade their tax obligations.
Loan Application Challenges
Non-filers frequently encounter hurdles when applying for loans, mortgages, and other financial products, as financial institutions perceive them as high-risk borrowers due to their non-compliance with tax regulations.
Reputation at Risk
Being a non-filer can tarnish your reputation, as your association with a business or entity may negatively affect your credibility, potentially affecting professional and personal relationships.
Ineligibility for Government Benefits: Non-filers miss out on the opportunity to access certain government benefits, including subsidies and tax credits, which are exclusively available to those fulfilling their tax obligations.
Restricted Business Opportunities
For businesses, failing to become a tax filer can severely limit growth prospects. This non-compliance results in difficulty opening bank accounts, obtaining licenses, and engaging in various essential business-related activities.
Non-filers in Pakistan may face financial hardships due to the imposition of penalties, including fines, accrued interest, and additional taxes, stemming from their failure to file taxes and meet their tax payment responsibilities.
The Bottom Line
We hope you have gotten the idea of how to become a tax filer in Pakistan. Becoming a tax filer in Pakistan is a fundamental responsibility for individuals and businesses. By following the simple steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure compliance with tax laws and access the benefits of being a responsible taxpayer. Also, always consult a tax professional if you have specific questions or concerns about your tax filing process.
Who is eligible for filer in Pakistan?
Individuals and businesses with taxable income are eligible to become tax filers in Pakistan.
How can I become an FBR filer in Pakistan?
To become an FBR filer in Pakistan, you must obtain a National Tax Number (NTN) and regularly file your tax returns as law requires. You can do this via official website of FBR.
How much money is required to become filer in Pakistan?
Per Pakistan’s tax legislation, all residents, whether individuals or businesses, earning an annual income of Rs. 400,000 or more are obligated to file their tax returns annually.
What is benefits of filer in Pakistan?
The benefits of being a tax filer in Pakistan include improved access to financial services and eligibility for government subsidies and tax credits.
How do I become a filer for the first time?
To become a first-time filer in Pakistan, there are two essential steps. First, you must obtain a National Tax Number (NTN) by registering with the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). After obtaining your NTN, you must file your income tax return annually to establish and maintain your filer status.